Trigeminal nerve is a significant sensory nerve of the face and head. Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition that affects the trigeminal nerve and leads to intense facial pain. Patients suffering from trigeminal neuralgia may experience frequent episodes of mild attacks. Medical experts reveal that this condition occurs due to deterioration of outer layer of trigeminal nerve called as ‘myelin sheath’. In most instances, myelin sheath gets damaged because of compression of blood vessels around the brain. Men are less likely to suffer from this type of neuropathic pain. This disorder is mostly observed in women over the age group of 50 years.
Myths and Facts Regarding Trigeminal Neuralgia
The following set of points elaborates some of the most common myths and facts associated with trigeminal neuralgia disorder.
- Myth – Patients may develop suicidal tendency due to trigeminal neuralgia
Fact – Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic painful condition. It is natural for a patient to feel frustrated due to the harsh and unbearable facial pain. Patients may go into a state of depression due to frequent episodes of trigeminal neuralgia and may feel like giving up their life. However, there is a huge difference between being suicidal and passive suicidal. Patients with a complete suicidal tendency may try to harm themselves by taking inappropriate actions. Whereas, patients with a passive suicidal tendency may get depressing thoughts when the pain becomes severe. Therefore, it would be wrong to say that patients battling trigeminal neuralgia are suicidal.
- Myth – Nearly half of those patients who live with trigeminal neuralgia for a couple of years commit suicide
Fact – Many people refer this disease as ‘suicide disease’ as it is believed that people struggling with this disorder for more than a couple of years commit suicide. However, there is no solid evidence behind this statement. Many types of research are being performed over the past few decades regarding trigeminal neuralgia. Medical professionals state that there is no reliable source which can confirm the authenticity of this statement.
- Myth – There is no effective medical solution available for trigeminal neuralgia disorder
Fact – Again, this statement is completely false. Many medications and drugs, injections, and surgeries are available to control and treat this disorder. Medications like carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol, others), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), and gabapentin (Gralise, Neurontin, others), are highly effective in controlling the debilitating facial pain caused due to trigeminal neuralgia. In addition to this, injections like onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injection can also be used to help patients recover faster. In serious instances, surgeons may also recommend surgical procedures like microvascular decompression, radiofrequency thermal lesioning, and balloon compression surgery.
Merits of Availing Trigeminal Neuralgia Surgery in India
India has become a renowned neuro care hub due to the availability of effective medical solutions and high-end provisions. Majority of hospitals in India provide high-quality trigeminal neuralgia surgery at economical rates. In fact, trigeminal neuralgia surgery cost in India is just a fraction of the total amount which hospitals in other western countries demand. In addition to this, Indian neurosurgeons are well-versed in handling complicated cases and rendering best beneficial results following trigeminal neuralgia surgery. Therefore, international patients can heavily rely on health care services in India.
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