Brain is the main organ of human body as it regulates entire body mechanism and helps an individual to think, act, and function properly. Any abnormality in brain such as a brain tumor can adversely affect its normal functioning and result in severe disability. Brain tumors arise due to accumulation of abnormal cells in an individual’s brain and surrounding areas. It can be effectively treated by traditional surgical approach that involves removal of tumor by making detailed incisions. However, if the tumor is inoperable or located at a position which makes it difficult for doctors to remove it smoothly, then computer-assisted brain surgery may prove beneficial.
What is Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery?
Computer-assisted brain surgery is an advanced medical intervention which can be used to treat brain tumors. It involves the use of a three dimensional (3D) computerized navigation system along with imaging techniques to precisely remove the brain tumor without damaging healthy cells and tissues in brain.
Good Candidates for Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery
Patients who belong to the following category are considered to be good candidates for undergoing a computer-assisted brain surgery.
● Medical Conditions – Patients struggling with inoperable brain tumor condition are considered to be good candidates for undergoing computer-assisted brain surgery. In fact, this surgical procedure can also prove helpful for patients suffering from arteriovenous malformations and other lesions.
● Conventional Brain Surgery – Conventional brain surgery is slightly risky and is linked to serious postoperative complications. Patients who are not fit enough to undergo a traditional surgery can opt for this minimally invasive computer-assisted brain procedure.
● Overall Health Status – Patients should not have any additional chronic illness or disease such as cancer or kidney failure. Otherwise, it may lead to delayed recovery.
Preparing for Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery
Patients should look out for a qualified and highly experienced neurosurgeon who is well-versed in performing computer-assisted brain surgery. It will significantly raise the chances of successful outcomes following the surgery.
● Medical Checkup – Respective neurosurgeons may ask patients to undergo a complete medical checkup. It will help them understand regarding patient’s overall health condition. In addition to this, surgeons may request patients to reveal about the medicines that they consume regularly.
● Imaging Tests – Once primary evaluation is finished, patients may have to undergo a computerized tomography scan test (CT scan) or a magnetic resonance imaging test (MRI test. These tests deliver high-resolution images of patient’s brain and nearby structures which help respective doctors to thoroughly view and study their internal brain condition.
● No Smoking – Patients who are chain smokers will need to give up smoking prior to the brain surgery. Smoking can result in a number of post-surgical barriers which can delay the healing process and negatively impact their health. Patients who find it difficult to quit smoking can consult respective neurosurgeons for medical help.
● Assistance at Home – Patients will not be allowed to perform any household work or strenuous physical activities until they heal completely. Therefore, patients should arrange a caregiver or nurse to help them with basic routine activities during the phase of recovery.
Procedure for Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery
Computer-assisted brain surgery provides a high degree of accuracy as compared to traditional approach. It can be easily performed within three hours with the help of following steps.
● Markers or Head Frame – At first, respective doctors carefully attach either a head frame to patient’s brain or use prominent markers known as ‘fiducials’ to interlink patient’s brain with the 3D system.
● Imaging Tests – Imaging scans which were performed in pre-surgical phase are transferred to a computer for obtaining three-dimensional graphics. 3D view of patient’s brain is displayed on screen for reference.
● Registration Process – Surgeons trace out the specific location of brain tumor along with its dimensions with the help of a head frame or markers. This process is clinically termed as registration process.
● Computer-Assisted Navigation – Surgeons already have the information regarding location and size of tumor. Once registration process is completed, surgeons start the tumor removal procedure by taking help of computer-assisted navigation. This navigation system guides them to target exact tumor area without creating any disturbance in nearby healthy tissues.
Risks and Complications Associated with Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery
Risks and complications associated with this surgical approach are extremely less as compared to traditional brain surgery. The given points elaborate few complications that may arise following the computer-assisted surgery.
● Pain and Discomfort – Patients may experience mild pain and discomfort following their surgery. However, it is not a serious issue.
● Swelling – Patients may encounter a temporary swelling around their operated brain region. It will go away by intake of proper medicines.
● Injury to Healthy Tissues – In extremely rare cases, some of the healthy tissues surrounding brain tumor may get injured during computer-assisted brain surgery.
Patients need not worry as this procedure is safe and enables the patients to recover at a faster rate.
Recovery Following Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery
Patients will require staying in health care center just for a day. In some cases, doctors may request them to stay for a couple of days for a thorough postoperative evaluation. Neurosurgeons may prescribe several medicines to help patients stay active and cope up with uneasiness during initial days of surgery. Complete recovery time will be based on the type of brain tumor and patient’s general health. Respective neurosurgeons will provide a suitable diet as well as exercise plan to patients for speeding up recovery. Patients may need to attend occupational therapy and physical therapy to return to their routine life within a short span. It is important for patients to attend follow-up care sessions for minimizing problems and improving their health.
Avail Best Computer-Assisted Brain Surgery in India with Travcure
Travcure Medical Tourism is a highly acknowledged healthcare tourism facilitator across the globe. Medical consultants at Travcure offer a vast range of advanced and high-quality neurological treatments and surgeries such as computer-assisted brain surgery at reasonable rates. Initially, they help international patients with free online medical consultation and then outline most suitable and cost-effective treatment plans for them. International patients just need to fill a simple form and submit their recent medical reports to serve the purpose. Team Travcure assists international patients from the moment they arrive in India until their complete treatment and recovery. Also, they stay in contact with overseas patients during the postoperative period in order to evaluate health progress even long after they have gone back to their homeland. Travcure makes every possible effort to bring a positive change in patient’s life. Therefore, international patients who intend to maximize their quality of life by availing best computer-assisted brain surgery in India can count on staunch services provided by Travcure Medical Tourism.