Prevalence of obesity in Nigeria has taken epidemic proportions and which is also a risk factor for individuals developing osteoarthritis or degeneration of joints. Hip and the knee joint are the most affected among obese people. Gout is another condition which is highly reported among Africans. Other risk factors for degenerated joints include hypertension, excess consumption of alcohol and purine loaded drinks and foods. Increased use of low dosage aspirin and diuretics among Nigerians are also contributory factors for degeneration of joints among the population. Non-communicable diseases like gout and arthritis have long overtaken as leading causes of morbidity and mortality among Nigerians in West Africa. Major diseases which are associated with obesity generally include atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, joint degeneration and certain types of cancer.
Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries
Arthroplasty is the most common type of joint replacement surgery which involves removing the entire damaged or diseased portion of the joint and replacing it with a prosthetic joint in order to relieve pain and restore function. Although many joints are replaced including foot, ankle, hand, elbow and shoulder, the most commonly performed joint replacement surgeries are the knee replacement and hip replacement. While traditional knee replacement and hip replacement implants normally last for at least 10 years of time, the latest versions with new technology usually last for even 25 years or more.
- Knee Replacement Surgery – Knee replacement surgery is ideally designed to restore the weight-bearing element of worn-out, damaged or diseased knee joint. Also known as knee arthroplasty, the goal of knee replacement surgery however is to remove pain while restoring mobility. The artificial knee replacement joint is typically made up of plastic and metal components which are effectively shaped like and mimic the natural knee joint. Knee replacement surgery is a popularly sought treatment procedure for people whose knee joints have degenerated due to rheumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis and post-traumatic arthritis caused due to injury to the knee. While almost 90 percent patients undergoing knee replacement surgery experience dramatic improvement in symptoms and function, it is largely sought by people between 50 to 80 years of age.
- Hip Replacement Surgery – Hip replacement surgery involves surgical replacement of diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint with artificial components. During a hip replacement operation, the diseased ball and socket which make up the hip joint are surgically replaced with a ceramic or metallic ball along with stem along with an artificial ceramic or plastic cup socket. The artificial ball and stem during a hip replacement procedure are known as the femoral prosthesis and the cup socket is known as acetabular prosthesis. Bony cement is usually utilized for fixing prosthesis components during hip replacement In some hip replacement surgeries, cement-less prosthesis which have microscopic pores that allow natural bony ingrowths are utilized as prosthetic components. Hip replacement surgery is medically termed as hip arthroplasty.
Undergo Affordable Joint Replacement Surgery in India
Joint replacement surgery in India is a golden opportunity for overseas patients who are seeking good quality of affordable orthopedic procedures in other medical tourism countries like India. While quality of implants and joint replacement surgery in India is of international standards, the same is available for just a fraction of the cost it takes to undergo similar treatments in other global healthcare destinations. Orthopedic surgeons performing joint replacement surgery in India are globally recognized as some of the best doctors who are adept in performing these operations. In fact, overseas patients can save almost 70 percent of their hard earned money by undergoing joint replacement surgery in India.