Recognized as the number one cancer among men, incidence and morbidity from prostate cancer in black African ancestry males is increasing. Comparatively, prevalence of prostate cancer in African origin men is in multiples than those from other races according to numerous studies conducted. Nigeria is also experiencing rise in prostate cancer cases and lack of screening programs in population complicate the issue as early detection is the key to successful outcomes from treatment. As a result, there is remarkable lack of awareness about prostate cancer among Nigerian men. However, the silver lining is that a large majority of Nigerian men are willing to undergo screening tests for prostate cancer.
Most Common Treatment Options for Localized Prostate Cancer
Localized or early stage prostate cancer is cancer which is still confined within the prostate gland. Cure is very important especially when prostate cancer is diagnosed in early stages. Choosing the right type of treatment for early stage prostate cancer requires that the patient gets to know and understand procedures available to them. The most common types of localized prostate cancer treatments that are available for men include prostatectomy, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery which is a type of radiation therapy.
- Radical Prostatectomy – Radical prostatectomy is surgical intervention for prostate cancer which is aimed to remove the entire prostate gland affected by the disease. Prostatectomy is offered as treatment for prostate cancer only as long as the disease is localized or confined to the prostate gland. However, prostatectomy is also offered as treatment in select cases where the cancer has just spread outside the prostate gland. Nevertheless, radical prostatectomy is a major operation and may not be a practical option for men who are suffering from overall health issues like heart disease.
- CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiosurgery – CyberKnife is a type of precise radiation therapy which incorporates a tracking system since the prostate tumor can move while the patient is breathing. The sophisticated respiratory tracking system of CyberKnife confirms the exact location of prostate tumor in real time in order to precisely deliver radiation without damaging the healthy tissue located nearby. Moreover, CyberKnife is a noninvasive treatment for prostate cancer patients and which completely destroys prostate tumors in 4 to 5 sessions depending upon the location of tumor.
- High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) – High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound or HIFU in short is another new noninvasive treatment for prostate cancer. HIFU is an ablation procedure which precisely targets cancer cell while sparing the healthy tissue located nearby. HIFU which is radiation-free has proved to be an excellent treatment option for localized prostate cancer and can also be repeated for cancers that have come back.
Prostate Cancer Treatment in India is Highly Affordable
Prostate cancer treatment in India is an excellent option for men from all around the world who are concerned about the rising cost of healthcare within their homeland and are therefore seeking good quality of affordable treatments in other countries. While prostate cancer treatments in India, like prostatectomy, HIFU and CyberKnife are at par with the best that is available in the developed Western countries, these are available at reasonable costs at the same time. Cost of prostate cancer treatment in India is just a fraction of what it takes to undergo these procedures in other healthcare destinations across the world. In fact, most men are able to save almost 70 percent of their hard earned money by undergoing prostate cancer treatments in India.