Nigeria has of late experienced sharp increase in suspected cases of strokes, heart attacks, cardiac arrests and other disorders relating to the heart. This steady rise is however unconnected to increase in number of people diagnosed with heart failure. While some risk factors for heart diseases are preventable and merely require behavioral changes like quitting smoking, losing weight, living an active lifestyle, controlling blood pressure, diabetes and blood cholesterol, there are others which are beyond and may require cardiac treatments. The alarming increase in heart failure cases among Nigerians caused due to illnesses requires the healthcare authorities to generate awareness among the masses and implement policies.
What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary artery disease which is also known as atherosclerosis occurs when arteries supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle either get narrowed or blocked due to buildup of fatty plaque. While narrowing of the passage in these blood vessels will cause symptoms like angina (chest pain) and shortness of breath, complete blockage of coronary artery can cause heart attacks. Heart attacks usually result when coronary artery disease has progressed unchecked beyond repair. Narrowing of the coronary artery is usually corrected with a cardiac procedure known as coronary angioplasty and stent placement, but in severe cases coronary artery bypass graft is preferred by cardiac surgeons. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery involves bypassing the narrowed or blocked section of the coronary blood vessel in order to restore supply to the heart muscle.
Treatment Options for Coronary Artery Disease
The two most common types of treatment options sought by coronary artery disease patients and performed by cardiac surgeons include coronary angioplasty and stent placement and coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
- Coronary Angioplasty and Stent Placement – Coronary angioplasty and stent placement procedure involves using a small balloon which is inflated within the narrowed section of the blood vessel in order to push plaque along the walls of the artery. Subsequently, a stent is placed at this segment in order to reinforce the opening. Normally, coronary angioplasty procedure resolve symptoms of angina, but in severe cases of coronary artery disease the preferred treatment option is coronary artery bypass graft or CABG surgery.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery – Coronary artery bypass graft is performed for heart patients with severe narrowing in either one or more coronary arteries. As part of the coronary artery bypass graft surgery, a graft artery or vein is taken from another part of the patients’ body. Almost 75 percent of the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft will be free of symptoms following operation. However, plaque may rebuild after coronary artery bypass graft surgery for some patients and may therefore require coronary angioplasty and stent placement. Nevertheless, heart patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery should take precautions like quitting smoking, consuming a balanced diet and live an active lifestyle in order to avoid recurrence of coronary artery disease.
Undergo Affordable CABG Surgery in India
CABG surgery in India is a golden opportunity for coronary artery disease patients from all around the world who are concerned about the quality and cost of healthcare services within their homeland and are therefore seeking good quality of affordable treatments in other countries. While CABG surgery in India is performed by highly trained and experienced cardiac surgeons who have conducted numerous successful operations in the past, this heart treatment is also available at reasonable costs. In fact, cost of CABG surgery in India is just a fraction of what it takes in other global healthcare destinations and overseas patients are able to save about 70 percent of their hard earned money by seeking cardiac treatments in this country.