Congenital diseases are a wide spectrum of conditions which affect children when they are born. While some congenital diseases affecting the heart of newborn infants are simple and get corrected on their own, there are others which are complex and therefore may require several surgeries, spanning over a period of several years in some cases. However, understanding congenital heart defects will help parents in knowing what they can expect for their child in the days to come.
Common Types of Congenital Heart Diseases
While the list is long and there are several congenital diseases, the following three are the main types of heart conditions which are found to affect children when they are born.
- Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS) – In this condition, the tract leading outflow of blood from the heart into the aorta is found to be obstructed. This is one of the most common type of congenital disease affecting babies and known as aortic valve stenosis. This is usually found to happen because the aortic valve leaflets either fuse together, or are too thick or too small and therefore hinder proper opening of the valve. One of the most common type of aortic valve stenosis is bicuspid aortic valve in which the baby’s valve only has two leaflets, in place of three which is normal. In some cases of congenital heart disease, the obstruction is caused by narrowing of the passage either below or above the valve.
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) – Infants in this condition have a hole in the heart muscle wall or the atrial septum which separate the two upper chambers of the heart. Typically, this hole will permit wrongly permit movement of oxygenated blood from left to right atrium. Subsequently, this blood will be pumped back into the lungs instead of moving into the body. Moreover, severity of symptoms will depend upon the size of atrial septal defect which are causing the problem. Atrial septal defect is also found to be more prevalent among girls than they are found in boys.
- Patent Ductus Arteriosus – This is basically a fetal blood vessel which was essentially involved in fetal circulation of blood within the utero when the lungs of the baby were inactive and lay dormant. While it is supposed to close following birth, in some cases it is found to persist following birth and well into childhood. The ductus arteriosus in fetus connects the aorta with the pulmonary artery. When it is still left open following birth, it is known as patent ductus arteriosus or PDA in short.
Good Quality of Affordable Pediatric Treatments in India
India is an excellent global healthcare destination for international patients who are concerned about the rising cost of medical treatments within their homeland and are therefore seeking good quality of affordable pediatric treatments in other countries around the world. Pediatric surgeons in India are globally renowned to be some of the best doctors for children’s problems and adept at performing the most complex operations for congenital diseases. People from all parts of the world will in fact be able to save substantial amounts of their hard-earned money by availing pediatric treatments in India for their children.