A surrogacy is a formal agreement between two parties in which one of the parties agrees to bear pregnancy for the other. This is done in cases where a couple is unable to have a child due to impossibility of a pregnancy or any type of pregnancy risk that might put the mother and the child’s life in danger.


Surrogacy is of gestational type in which the host carries the pregnancy completely, from conception till birth and the traditional type which requires insemination by the surrogate party.

Types of Surrogacy

There are mainly two types of surrogacy procedures:

Gestational Surrogacy (GS)

This surrogacy procedure requires an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment for impregnation. The child thus born is usually genetically unrelated to the surrogate mother.

These are the various sub-types of gestational surrogacy:

  • Gestational surrogacy with intended parent’s embryo – Also known as GS/IP in short this method involves implanting a surrogate with an embryo created using IVF technique. This procedure requires the intended father’s sperm and the intended mother’s eggs.
  • Gestational surrogacy and Egg Donation – Also known as GS/ED this method also requires implanting an embryo using IVF technique. This method uses the intended father’s sperm and a donor egg in which the donor and surrogate are not the same. The child born will be genetically related to the intended father but genetically unrelated to the surrogate.
  • Gestational surrogacy and Donor Sperm – Also known as GS/DS this method requires using IVF technique for implanting the embryo. This method involves using the intended mother’s egg and donor sperm. The child born will be genetically related to the intended mother but unrelated to the surrogate.
  • Gestational surrogacy and Donor Embryo – Also known as GS/DE this method requires implanting a donor embryo in the surrogate. The resulting child is not genetically related to either the intended parents or the surrogate.

Traditional Surrogacy (TS)

This procedure requires natural (or artificial) insemination of a surrogate with the intended father’s sperm using an IUI (intra-uterine insemination) method or other home insemination methods. Using this method the child born is genetically related to the intended father as well as the surrogate.

A sub-type of traditional surrogacy method is the traditional surrogacy and door sperm (TD/DS) method. This method requires artificially inseminating a surrogate with donor sperm using any of the artificial insemination methods such as ICI, IVF or IUI, etc. The resulting child from this method is genetically related to the surrogate but is not genetically related to the intended parents.

Need for Surrogacy

A woman might have several reasons to choose surrogacy method for having a child, such as:

  • Uterine problems that prevent pregnancy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Conditions make pregnancy impossible
  • Medical complications prevent pregnancy

Women who have tried various other pregnancy treatments unsuccessfully such as IVF are also ideal to seek surrogacy.

Finding a Surrogate

There are several different ways to find an ideal surrogate for you, such as:

  • Friends/Family – Many people prefer to ask a friend or a relative to become a surrogate for them. Although this is not a common practice there are still some legal hassles involves with this in many countries thus making this option a controversial one at times.
  • Surrogacy Agency – Most people prefer to use a surrogate agency in order to arrange a gestational surrogate. There are a large number of completely-legal agencies that operate to arrange a match between intended parents and prospective surrogates.

Surrogacy is a modern and efficient procedure for couples who wish to have children but are unable to do so due to any of the large number of reasons. This is a safe and effective procedure and available in select countries without any hassles.

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IUI Treatment in India at a Cost-Effective

IUI treatment

IUI Treatment

Intra-uterine insemination (or IUI) treatment is one of the most effective forms of artificial insemination methods and a popular infertility treatment technique. This process involves placing a healthy sperm inside the woman’s uterus to allow for natural insemination and fertilization.

The main aim of the IUI treatment is to increase the number of sperm inside the woman’s vagina so that maximum number of sperms can reach the fallopian tubes and eventually result in pregnancy.

Need for IUI Treatment

Women who have tried natural insemination methods, as well as other artificial insemination methods, unsuccessfully to conceive a child are ideally considered to undergo an IUI treatment.

This treatment is required if:

  • Tests show no recognizable cause for a couple’s infertility
  • A man suffers from retrograde ejaculation and their sperm gets discharged inside the urinary bladder instead of out of the penis, this sperm may be collected to be used for IUI treatment
  • A man’s sperm count is negligible, poor quality or low in quantity, the doctor may recommend that you undergo an ICSI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection)
  • There seems to be a problem with the woman’s cervix from before the surgery which prevents the sperm from traveling through it to the uterus
  • A woman wishes to have a child without a male partner

IUI Treatment procedure

An IUI is advised only after the doctor has ensured that your fallopian tubes are healthy and open through a tubal patency test during your assessment by the fertility clinic.

It may require to be performed using a laparoscope, in which a dye is injected through the cervix while the pelvis is checked for blockages using a laparoscope camera.

The procedure for women is performed usually within 12-16 days of your monthly ovulation cycle if she is not using any kind of fertility drugs for additional treatment. In case she is using fertility drugs as part of a separate treatment to stimulate ovulation, the doctor might use vaginal ultrasound scans to detect the development of your eggs. When your egg is ready for insemination the doctor will use a hormone injection to release it.

The sperm is injected around 36-40 hours later. This procedure requires using a speculum to keep the vagina expanded while the doctor inserts a small catheter into the womb through the cervix. The doctor will select the best-quality sperm and use it for insemination.

This is a faster process and is completed within a few minutes and is normally painless. This is done as an outpatient procedure and the patient is allowed to leave for home within a couple of hours after the surgery.

Risks with IUI Treatment

The main risk a woman might face after an insemination combined with super-ovulation is of multiple pregnancies. This is a high-risk situation for both, the mother and the child.

This procedure faces a slight risk of infection from the surgical tools which is very rare.

Severe cramping may be felt during the insemination.

Slight risk of puncturing the uterus during the insemination process is there.

There is also a rare risk of congenital (birth) defects in babies conceived by some artificial insemination methods.

Advantages of IUI Treatment

IUI (intra-uternie insemination) treatment is a highly-successful procedure for inducing pregnancy in problematic cases of infertility in couples. The woman’s advancing age decreases the chances of pregnancy in an inversely proportionate manner – the older the woman, the less are the chances of getting pregnant.

This procedure is very helpful for those couples who are suffering from unexplained infertility by increasing the chances of insemination.

If the male partner is suffering from absence of sperm (impotency), low quality sperm or poor quality sperm then this insemination procedure can help improve the female partner’s chances of getting pregnant successfully.

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Get the Most Effective and Affordable Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis in India with Travcure


What is Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?

Spinal fusion for scoliosis requires using medical-grade rods, screws, plates and wires to attach the curved part of the spine and help to straighten it. Small pieces of graft bones are also used to help the fusion. The pieces of the bone graft will grow between the two vertebras and join them eventually into the desired position.

This is a major form of surgery and requires several hours of operation time.

There are new and advanced variations of performing this surgical procedure. The techniques as well as equipments for the surgery may also vary. The approach may also differ, as the surgeon might make an incision in the back or the front according to the location of the damaged vertebra so as to avoid damage to the soft tissue and nerves surrounding the vertebras. The surgical approach requiring an incision in the back is called the ‘posterior approach’ while the surgery needing an incision in the front (lower abdomen) is known as the ‘anterior approach’.

The exact type of treatment technique mainly depends on the age, maturity of the spine as well as the location and severity of the spinal curve.

What to expect after a Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?

Antibiotics will be administered from the beginning of the surgical procedure to around 48 hours post-surgery to avoid the risk of infections at the surgical site.

Most people are required to spend a few days recovering at the hospital as their movements gradually improve. Brace for the back might also be needed after certain surgical methods.

The pain also gets alleviated faster with painkillers prescribed by the doctor and the person is able to get back to work within 1-2 weeks after the surgery.

What to avoid after Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?

Heavy lifting, extreme bending and excessive stooping and twisting should be avoided for the first few weeks. Additional rest should be taken at home.

Competitive sports that might put stress on the back should also be avoided for around 6-12 months post-surgery.

What is the need for spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?

Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis is needed when:

  • The child has moderate to severe curve caused by scoliosis and the condition is worsening with time
  • Pain disables your ability to perform everyday tasks
  • Bracing does not help
  • Age, skeletal maturity level and the status of puberty of the patient
  • Location of the curve in the spine
  • Trouble breathing with disabling back pain
  • Very young child displays curve in spine which is abnormal 

How successful is Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?

The success of the spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis mainly depends on the flexibility of the curve as well as the technique used.

Extensive use of medical-aids (such as rods, screws, plates and wires) results in significant improvement in the shape of the spine when seen from the back and the sides.

The main aim of the spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis is not to straighten the spine but to fuse the damaged vertebras together to prevent further worsening of the curve.

Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis helps to relieve the back pain almost immediately in most adults.

Why choose Travcure for Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis in India?

India is known for having the world’s largest and most comprehensive healthcare network. These are highly-advanced and modern medical facilities that are equipped with the latest and cutting-edge technology for efficiency and effectiveness. Travcure is well-connected to this vast healthcare network and provides each patient from abroad with the most effective and affordable spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis in India.

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Undergo Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty for Shoulder Arthritis in India


Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty is a very well established surgical procedure for restoring comfort & function in patients with arthritic shoulders. Arthritic ball is replaced by a smooth metallic ball which is fixed to humerus (arm bone) by a stem which fits in it during this procedure. Arthritic glenoid (socket) is also resurfaced as part of this procedure with high-density polyethylene prosthesis. Among different types of surgical options which are available for arthritis shoulders, this procedure seems to provide the most rapid & complete improvement & which is comfortable & functional for patients with arthritis in shoulders. Success will however require technical excellence of surgery & patient’s commitment to exercise program until desired range of motion can be comfortably achieved.

Key Parts of the Normal Shoulder Joint

Humeral head or the ball fits within the socket called glenoid & which is held there by the rotator cuff.

What is Shoulder Arthritis?

Arthritis of the shoulder is a condition where previous surgery, inflammation, injury or degeneration destroys the normally smooth cartilage lining the ball (humeral head) & the socket (glenoid).

Diagnosing Shoulder Arthritis

Carefully standardized x-rays generally reveal loss of space between glenoid & the humeral head, which is normally occupied by cartilage, leaving bone upon bone contact.

Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty Procedure

In a total shoulder replacement arthroplasty procedure, the arthritic ball is replaced with a metal ball along with a stem which is press fit inside the humerus or arm bone so that only the smooth surface is extending from the bone. The socket which takes in this ball is also resurfaced with high density polyethylene component. This operation is usually performed under influence of a regional or general anesthetic. Approach to the joint is made possible through an incision made between the pectoralis major muscles & deltoid on the front of the shoulder. This also includes release of contractures & adhesions along with removal of bone spurs which may be blocking range of motion. For this operation, services of an operating team are required, which includes anesthesiologists, orthopedic surgeons & surgical assistants who normally perform this operation in less than two hours of time.

  • Fixing the Humeral Component in Humerus

While there are some surgeons who prefer cementing the humeral component, others use implants which foster bone growth along the stem. Both these approaches can eventually stiffen the bone in order to make it more likely to fracture in a fall & also greatly complicating revision surgery in case that may become necessary in future. In order to overcome these issues, some surgeons prefer fixing the component by impaction grafting inside humerus by using healthy bone, which is recently harvested during the procedure from humeral head which was removed, until a tight press fit of implant is achieved.

  • Fixing the Glenoid Component to Glenoid Bone

Bone of glenoid is precisely shaped with glenoid reamer & then the glenoid component is secured with a combination of cementing & press fitting. Patients must however maintain range of motion achieved during surgery with simple & frequent stretching exercises in order to promote proper healing of the replaced shoulder joint. Exercises for rehabilitation are started immediately following surgery by using continuous stretching & passive motion by the patient. Attaining & maintaining a minimum of 150 degrees of forward elevation is critical to success of total shoulder replacement surgery. Supine stretch & forward lean can be very helpful in attaining these results & maintaining the range of motion which is attained.

Good Candidates for Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Total shoulder replacement surgery for shoulder arthritis should only be considered when arthritis is drastically limiting the quality life of the patient even after mild analgesics & physical therapy have been tried. Severe shoulder arthritis is normally best managed either by a partial or total joint replacement surgery. Moreover, total shoulder replacement arthroplasty, which involves replacing both surfaces of the socket & ball, is commonly considered by patients who are expecting the best chance of rapid recovery of shoulder comfort along with ability to perform daily routine activities.

Patients Who Should Not Consider Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Since this procedure is less likely to be successful among patients with conditions like Parkinson’s Disease, diabetes, obesity, depression, severely altered shoulder anatomy, rotator cuff deficiency, shoulder joint infections & multiple previous shoulder surgeries, it would be sensible to avoid total shoulder replacement arthroplasty in the first place.

Keys to a Successful Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Success for total shoulder replacement arthroplasty requires technical excellence of the surgical procedure & participation of patients in simple exercise programs until they are able to comfortably achieve the desired range of motion.

Preparing for Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Like it is for all elective surgical interventions, patients should be in the best possible mental & physical health at the time of total shoulder replacement surgical procedure. Any tooth or gum, bladder, kidney, lung or heart problems should be managed prior to surgery. Any type of infection can also prove to be a valid reason for delaying the operation. Skin problems on arm or shoulder including burns, blisters, rashes, scratches or acne should also be resolved prior to surgery. The operating surgeon also needs to be aware of any health issue which the patient is having including allergies & all prescription & non-prescription drugs the patient is taking. Like for instance, aspirin & anti-inflammatory medications can affect blood clotting. Some of these medications may either be required to be modified or stopped by the patient before undergoing surgery.

Recovery Following Total Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Total shoulder replacement arthroplasty is a major surgical intervention which involve cutting of bone, tendons & skin. Pain during this surgical procedure is effectively managed by anesthesia & pain medications. Strong medications like morphine or Demerol are quite often injected immediately after surgery. Following which oral medications like Tylenol with codeine or hydrocodone are usually started within a day or so. Shoulder rehabilitation programs generally start on the day of surgery. Patients are also encouraged to be up & out of bed, soon after the operation is over. Moreover, pain medications are also progressively removed.

Discharge from Hospital Following Total Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Discharge from hospital usually takes place on the second or third day following surgery. Patients are also asked to avoid lifting more than one pound of weight. Pushing & pulling for 6 weeks is also restricted after surgery. Driving is permitted only after the shoulder regains comfort & strength along with requisite range of motion. This may sometimes take several weeks following total shoulder replacement surgery. Therefore, patients must stay prepared & make arrangements as they will typically have less function for the arm for the first month or so after surgery, than immediately before surgery. In such a scenario, patients will require assistance with self-care, shopping, daily living activities & driving for at least 6 weeks after total shoulder replacement surgery. Managing these limitations would require advance planning for patients to accomplish these activities of daily living during recovery period following total shoulder replacement surgery.

Rehabilitation Following Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Early motion following total shoulder replacement surgery is critical for achieving optimal function of the shoulder since arthritic shoulders are often stiff. Even though major goal of this surgical intervention is to relieve stiffness by releasing scar tissue, stiffness may however recur during the process of recovery, in case range-of-motion exercises are not immediately accomplished. Therefore, focus of rehabilitation should be on maintaining motion which was recovered at surgery for the first 6 weeks of the recovery phase. Strengthening exercises are specifically avoided during the first 6 weeks in order to not stress tendon repair before it can heal back to the bone. Only when the shoulder is comfortable & flexible, additional activities & strengthening exercises are started. There are some total shoulder replacement surgery patients who prefer to carry out the rehabilitation program by themselves, while other prefer to work with physical therapists who understand total shoulder rehabilitation programs much better.

Resuming Daily Activities Following Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Most patients are generally able to perform gentle activities involving daily chores using the operated arm from 2 – 6 weeks after surgery. Walking is strongly encouraged following total shoulder replacement surgery. Driving will however need to wait until the patient can comfortably & confidently perform necessary functions. Recovery of driving ability may take about 6 weeks of time in case surgery was performed on the right shoulder, simply because the right shoulder has to take increased demands for shifting gears. However, with consent of the surgeon, most patients can often return to activities like golf & swimming at 6 months following surgery. This is often when the shoulder with total shoulder replacement surgery has successfully completed the rehabilitation program.

Permitted Activities Following Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Once the patient’s shoulder has gained comfort, strength & full range of motion, doctors usually recommend that the shoulder be protected from impacts & lifting heavy loads. Activities like vigorous hammering, training with heavy weights, chopping wood & recreational activities which subject the shoulder to impact loading are normally discouraged.

Complications Following Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Like with all types of surgeries, total shoulder replacement arthroplasty operation can also be complicated by anesthesia, infection, instability, nerve or blood vessel injury, fracture & loosening of implant components. Moreover, this is a technically exacting procedure which requires a highly experienced surgeon in order to optimize this complex of a bony, prosthetic & soft tissue anatomy after the primary operation procedure. The entire operation can fail when reconstruction is too loose, too tight, insecurely fixed or improperly aligned, or when bone-to-bone contact is found to occur. However, most common cause of failure in short-term is the patient’s inability to maintain range of motion which was achieved at the time of surgery, but could not be brought back during the recovery period which generally lasts for up to 6 months following the surgical procedure. Most common long term problem associated with total shoulder replacement arthroplasty is loosening or wearing out of the glenoid component.

Last Word on Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty

Total shoulder replacement arthroplasty is a highly established surgical procedure designed for restoring comfort & function to shoulders which have been damaged by arthritis. When surgery is performed in hands of an experienced surgeon, total shoulder replacement surgery can be a very effective technique in treatment of shoulders with damaged joint surfaces in healthy & motivated patients.

Undergo Affordable Total Shoulder Replacement Arthroplasty in India

Undeniably, India has emerged as a leading global medical tourism destination over the past few decades, thanks to the rising costs of healthcare services across the world. There are many factors which have collectively contributed to this phenomenon. First among them is the large pool of doctors & surgeons which India features. Many specialist doctors & surgeons now practicing in the country have in fact initially trained & experienced in developed western countries like the UK, Canada & United States for decades before returning to their homeland. They are therefore well aware of the emerging trends & latest technologies so as to provide healthcare solutions which are at par with the best in the world. Moreover, healthcare sector in India comprises of some of the most reputed names in the world. These include global giants like Wockhardt, Apollo. Fortis Hospitals & Max Healthcare just to name a few. Along with this there are numerous other Indian multispecialty medical institutions which are either nationally or internationally accredited & committed to adhere to the standard norms. Last but not the least, most highly skilled nurses & professional staff managing these healthcare facilities, are not just good at their job but are also able to communicate in English. This is another comforting factor for foreign patients seeking medical procedures in an alien soil as they will be able to comfortably recover in a soothing environment following their treatments.

Avail Low Cost Orthopedic Surgeries with Travcure Medical Tourism

Travcure Medical Tourism is a globally reputed healthcare platform providing a variety of affordable medical procedures to international patients. Offering a wide range of services which are essential to the international patient, Travcure services in fact begin with the first telephonic conversation with the patient & move on to identifying the best doctors & the most ideal treatment facility within a budget provided by the patient. Other seamless services offered by Travcure include assisting in obtaining medical visas, warm reception at airport on arrival for treatment, convenient options for local transportation, comfortable accommodation options including budget hotels, luxury hotels or serviced apartments close to the treatment facility, scheduling appointments with doctors & surgeons for pre-operative tests & surgical procedures, choice of an exotic recuperative holiday at reasonable costs, follow-up evaluation checks & an affectionate farewell when patients head back home following a successful treatment.

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Affordable Kidney Transplant Surgery to Improve Your Quality of Life

Kidney Transplantation is basically a surgical intervention which is performed to place a kidney either from a live or deceased donor into a patient whose kidneys do not any longer function properly. Kidneys are organs which remove excessive fluid & waste from blood. When kidneys lose ability to filter, dangerous levels of waste & fluid accumulate within the body. This condition is usually known as end-stage kidney disease or more commonly as kidney failure. Kidney transplantation is most often the best treatment solution for kidney failure. Since a person can comfortably live on a single kidney, only one donated kidney is required in order to replace two failed kidneys & which therefore conveniently makes living-donor kidney transplant a viable option. However, in case a compatible living donor is not available for kidney transplantation, the patient’s name is usually placed on a kidney transplantation waiting list so as to receive a kidney from deceased donors. This wait usually takes a few years of time. Moreover, since organ transplantation is generally placed under regulation across the world, each country can be having a different set of laws governing them.


Why Undergo Kidney Transplantation

Kidney transplantation is normally used as treatment for end-stage kidney disease (kidney failure) which is a condition where the patient’s kidneys can only function at a fraction of its normal capacity. Generally, people with kidney failure either need to have the wastes removed from blood stream through dialysis or undergo kidney transplantation in order to stay alive.

Causes of End-Stage Kidney Disease

Common causes of kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease include the following.

  • Chronic or uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis – Inflammation & eventual scarring of tiny filters within the patients kidneys (glomeruli)

Quite often it is possible to manage kidney disease with diet, medication & treatments for underlying causes. However, despite these steps if kidneys still cannot filter adequate blood, such patients may be good candidates for kidney transplantation.

Risks & Complications Associated with Kidney Transplantation

Kidney transplantation surgery carries certain amount of significant complications including the following.

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood Clots
  • Leakage or blockage of ureter tube which links the kidney to the bladder
  • Rejection of donated kidney
  • Failure of donated kidney
  • Infection or cancer which is transmitted through donated kidney
  • Heart Attack, Stroke of Death

Side Effects of Anti-Rejection Medications

Following kidney transplantation, patients will need to take medications which are meant to help prevent their bodies from rejecting the donated kidney. However, these medications are also found to cause a variety of side effects including the following.

  • Diabetes
  • Weight Gain
  • Puffiness (edema)
  • Infection’
  • High Cholesterol
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Excessive Hair Loss or Hair Growth
  • Acne
  • Osteoporosis – bone thinning
  • Osteonecrosis – bone damage
  • Increased risk of cancer, particularly lymphoma & skin cancer

Preparing for Kidney Transplantation Procedure

1. Choosing a Kidney Transplant Center

When doctors recommend kidney transplantation, the patient may be referred to a transplant center. Patients are also however free to select a transplantation center of their own choice. Nevertheless, when a kidney transplant patients are choosing a transplant center, they should consider the following factors while doing so.

  • Learn about the transplant center & the number & type of kidney transplants they have performed each year.
  • Enquire about the patients & kidney survival rates at the transplant center.
  • Consider the additional services which the transplant center is providing, including assistance for travel arrangements, coordinating support groups, helping with local accommodation during recovery period & also offering referrals to other resources.

After the patient has selected a transplant center, he/she will require an evaluation test in order to determine whether they meet the eligibility requirements for kidney transplant. For this purpose, healthcare team at the transplantation center will assess the following.

  • Whether the patient is healthy enough to undergo surgery & be able to tolerate post-transplant medications for the rest of his/her life.
  • Whether the patient is having any medical conditions which would decrease success of kidney transplant.
  • Whether the patient is willing & able to take medications as directed & also follow suggestions given by the kidney transplantation team.

2. Finding a Donor for Kidney Transplant

Kidney donors can either be related or unrelated to the patient & living or deceased. The transplant center healthcare team will consider several other factors including blood & tissue types, while evaluating whether the living donor can be a good match for the patient. Family members are a good option & are often most likely to be compatible organ donors. Nevertheless, scores of people undergo successful kidney transplants with kidneys that are donated from people who are not at all related to them.

When a compatible living donor is unavailable, the patients name will be placed on a waiting list for deceased donor kidneys. Since there are fewer kidneys that are available & there are many people waiting for transplants, the waiting list keeps growing all the time. Normal waiting time for deceased donor kidneys is usually a few years of time.

Paired kidney donation can also be an option for patients if they have found someone to donate a kidney, but the blood & tissue of the donor is not compatible with the patient. In such a scenario, the donor can give this kidney to a person whose blood & tissue is compatible with the donor’s kidney, while the patient receives a kidney from another kidney transplantee’s donor.

3. Staying Healthy

Patients must take efforts to stay healthy, irrespective of whether they are waiting for a donated kidney or the transplant surgery is already scheduled. Staying healthy & being as active as they can be will make it more likely that they will be ready for kidney transplant surgery when it is time. This will also help them speed up recovery following surgery when it happens. For this reason they must follow the steps mentioned below.

  • Regularly take medications as prescribed
  • Follow guidelines given regarding diet & exercise
  • Keep-up with appointments with the healthcare team
  • Stay involved in healthy activities like hanging out & relaxing with friends & family

Moreover, kidney transplant patients must stay in touch with the transplantation team & let them know about any significant changes in health. For patients who are waiting for donated kidneys, they must make sure that the transplantation team knows how to reach them at all times. They should keep their hospital bags packed & handy, & also make advance arrangements for transportation to the transplantation center.

Kidney Transplantation Procedure

Kidney transplantations are normally performed under the influence of general anesthesia, so that the patient is asleep during the procedure & will not feel a thing. Surgical team will usually monitor the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate & blood oxygen levels throughout the kidney transplantation procedure.

  • During the Kidney Transplant Surgical Procedure
    • Surgeons will make the required incision for approaching the operating site & subsequently place the new kidney in the lower abdomen region. Original kidneys are left in place unless they are causing complications like pain, infection, kidney stones or high blood pressure.
    • Blood vessels of the new kidney are attached to relevant blood vessels in lower portion of the abdomen, just above the leg of the patient.
    • Ureter tube of the new kidney, which links kidney to the bladder, is finally connected to the bladder.

Kidney transplantation surgeries usually last for about 3 – 4 hours of time.

  • After Kidney Transplantation Surgery

Following kidney transplantation surgery, patients can expect the following.

  • Spend a Maximum of Seven Days at the Hospital – Doctors & nurses after completion of surgery will monitor the condition of the patient in the transplant recovery area to look for any signs of complications. The new kidney will make urine like the original kidney did earlier when it was healthy. Quite often this process starts almost immediately, but in some cases it might also take several days. Patients can expect pain or soreness around the site of incision during the healing process.
  • Frequent Checkups During Recovery – Close monitoring is however necessary for a few weeks even after the patient leaves the hospital. The transplant team will generate a checkup schedule for the patient. During this time, in case the patient is residing in another town, he/she will require to make arrangements so as to stay near the transplantation center.
  • Taking Medications Throughout Life – Patients will have to take a number of medications after kidney transplantation. Immunosuppressant drugs which help keep the patient’s immune system from attacking the new kidney is a must. Additional drugs will be prescribed which will help reduce risk of other complications like infection following transplantation surgery.

Kidney Transplantation Outcomes

Following a successful kidney transplantation procedure, the new kidney will filter blood so that the patient will no longer require dialysis. But in order to prevent the body from rejecting the new donor kidney, patients are required to take medications in order to suppress the immune system. Most likely, they will have to keep taking these drugs for the rest of their life. Since these medications are given to suppress the immune system & which will then make the body more susceptible to infection, doctors may also prescribe antifungal, antiviral & antibacterial medications to be taken along with immunosuppressant medications. Skin checkups with dermatologists to screen for skin cancer & also keeping up to date with other cancer screenings is strongly recommended following a successful kidney transplantation surgery.

Kidney Transplantation Survival Rates

  • About 98 percent of people receiving living-donor kidney transplants live for at least one year following kidney transplantation surgery. Of these about 90 percent live for at least five years.
  • About 94 percent of adults receiving deceased-donor kidney transplantation are found to live for at least one year following kidney transplant surgery. Of these about 82 percent live for at least five years.

In case the new kidney fails, patients can resume dialysis or even consider a second kidney transplantation procedure. Moreover, patients may also choose to discontinue treatment. However, this important medical decision depends upon the patient’s current health condition & his or her ability to withstand surgery & the patient’s other expectations for maintaining a certain quality of life.

Low Cost Kidney Transplantation in India

Over the years India has emerged as the undisputed medical tourism leader providing a wide spectrum of affordable medical procedures including organ transplantation to people from all around the world. India is home to a large pool of expert doctors & surgeons who have earlier for decades trained & practiced in advanced western countries like the UK, Canada & United States. Healthcare infrastructure in India comprises of an extensive network of nationally & internationally accredited hospital facilities equipped with the latest technologies while adhering to standard certified norms. These healthcare facilities are managed by highly skilled nurses & professional staff who can speak & communicate in English. This is an additional driving factor which draws international patients as they feel comfortable & safe in such an environment.

Avail Affordable Kidney Transplant Surgery with Travcure Medical Tourism

Travcure Medical Tourism is a globally reputed healthcare tourism company providing a variety of low cost medical procedures to international patients. Associated with the best doctors & hospital facilities in the country, Travcure is well placed to pass on benefits to patients seeking their services. Seamless services offered by Travcure in fact begin with the first telephonic conversation with the patient & eventually moves on to identifying the best doctor & ideal hospital for treatment as per the patient’s guidelines. Other essential services offered by Travcure healthcare experts include assisting the patient & his/her accomplice obtain medical visas, a warm reception at the airport when the patient is arriving for treatment, convenient arrangements for local transportation, comfortable accommodation options which include budget or luxury hotels or serviced apartments, scheduling appointments with doctors for timely treatment procedures without any waiting period, choice of an exotic recuperative holiday at reasonable costs, follow-ups for assessment of recovery & an affectionate farewell when the patient is heading back home after a successful treatment.

You can send your queries at: &
Call or WhatsApp: +91-8055991233 


Understanding about Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Breast cancer occurs because of uncontrolled production of malignant cells in breasts and surrounding region. Triple-negative breast cancer is a sub-category of breast cancer which develops due to abnormal formation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-negative), estrogen negative (ER-negative) and progesterone negative (PR-negative) receptors in female. This type of breast cancer is very rare and all three negative elements which lead to growth of cancerous cells and tissues does not show any improvement with hormonal therapies such as tamoxifen. Women of the age group between 40 to 50 years are more prone to this fatal disease.

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer 1

Important Things about Triple-Negative Breast Cancer That Women Must Know

The following list elaborates some of the important things about triple-negative breast cancer which every woman must understand.

  • Root Cause – Precise reason behind occurrence of this life-threatening disease is unknown. However, a family history of this disease and gene mutation are the prime factors that accelerate the possibility of triple-negative breast cancer.
  • Major Warning Signs – Abnormal lump in breast, redness, abnormal discharge from nipples, and intense breast pain are the major signs and symptoms of triple-negative breast cancer. Patients must visit an experienced oncologist for precise diagnosis.
  • Diagnosis Tests – Doctors or oncologists may suggest a magnetic resonance imaging test or an ultrasound scan for identifying the presence of triple-negative breast cancer. In addition to this, a biopsy and mammogram are also used for getting accurate results.
  • Curative Treatments – Triple-negative breast cancer usually does not respond to hormone therapy. Various types of research are being carried out by medical experts to find out a solution. However, chemotherapy drugs in combination with radiation therapy or surgery are mostly used for treating this type of breast cancer.
  • Preventive Measures – Women must follow an active lifestyle and eat a proper diet. In addition to this, women who are at a greater risk of developing this disease must go to doctor’s clinic for regular health care check-ups.
  • Prognosis – Prognosis of this breast cancer is extremely poor. Triple-negative breast cancer may recur and spread in patient’s body after few years of treatment. Therefore, it is necessary for a patient to follow all the instructions given by doctor even after recovery.

Why Opt for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treatment in India?

India has emerged as one of the excellent medical care destinations across the world due to its reliable healthcare services. Indian country has a large number of multispecialty hospitals and healthcare institutes which provide a quality treatment for triple-negative breast cancer. Majority of these hospitals are well-equipped with latest state-of-the-art technology, various high-end instruments, and medical provisions which are helpful in providing accurate diagnosis report. In addition to this, triple-negative breast cancer treatment cost in India is extremely affordable as compared to other western countries like Canada or Norway. Therefore, international patients can easily acquire high-quality medical care and save up to 70 % of their capital by opting for triple-negative breast cancer treatment in India.

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Breast Reconstruction Surgery

Breasts are one of the hallmarks of becoming a woman, an essential part of sexuality that makes a woman look beautiful in clothes & important for feeding little babies. Whatever is a woman’s age, orientation, sexual activity, or relationship status, losing a breast is a very mournful feeling for any woman. When a woman gets her breast removed due to dreadful medical procedures like mastectomy or lumpectomy, it may cause immense psychological & emotional harm to her. Such women can opt for breast reconstruction surgery. This is surgery which reconstructs the breast mound to meet the shape & size of another breast. ead9591d8d05b69217dfeb273a7178af

What is a Breast Reconstruction Surgery?

Breast reconstruction surgery is performed to restore one or both breasts to near natural appearance, natural shape, size and symmetry following lumpectomy, mastectomy, or any other trauma. This surgical intervention often comprises several surgical procedures executed in stages & can be performed either from start at the time of mastectomy or be deferred until a later date.

Breast reconstruction surgery usually falls into following two categories.

  1. Flap Reconstruction: Flap reconstruction involves patient’s own tissue from another portion of body utilized to build a new breast.
  2. Implant Reconstruction: Implant reconstruction uses breast implants to help build a breast mound.

The following factors should be taken into consideration while choosing an appropriate option.

  • Patient’s body type
  • Type of mastectomy
  • Cancer treatments

If only one breast of the patient is affected, it alone can be reconstructed by surgery. In addition to this, a breast reduction, breast augmentation or breast lift surgery may also be recommended by surgeons for the opposite breast to enhance position & symmetry of both the breasts.

Good Candidates for Breast Reconstruction Surgery

Breast reconstruction surgery is an extremely individualized procedure. One should undergo breast reconstruction if they personally feel & should never be done under the influence of anyone. Good candidates for breast reconstruction should fulfill the following terms.

  • High Endurance – When a patient is able to cope well with their diagnosis & treatment.
  • No Medical Conditions – When the patient does not have any medical condition or another type of illnesses which may impair recovery.
  • Avoid Smoking – Smoking can highly affect speedy recovery. One should completely avoid smoking to get good results.
  • Comfortable with Surgery – Surgical techniques may leave incision marks at the donor site, usually situated in less exposed portions of body such as the abdomen, back or buttocks.
  • Realistic Goals – When a patient is mentally strong, has faith & realistic goals for restoring their breasts & body image. Breast reconstruction surgery can repair a breast but the results are highly variable in nature. New reconstructed breasts may not have a similar sensation like the breast it replaces.

Medical Tourism in India for Hi-Quality Breast Reconstruction Surgery

With world-wide recognition of India’s skill in the healthcare sector, medical tourism in India has taken giant strides in the past few decades. With affordable costs & international standards of medical care services, the healthcare industry in India is attracting patients from diverse & remote corners of the world. Travcure Medical Tourism is a trustworthy one-stop medical facilitator to serve global patients for a wide range of plastic surgeries in India. Great experience, expertise & association with a large number of qualified plastic surgeons & accredited hospitals in India make Travcure a leader in the field of healthcare tourism. Alongside offering best packages for plastic surgeries including breast reconstruction surgery, Travcure also arranges viable accommodations for international patients to recuperate well and enjoy their journey to India. Travcure is a name on which overseas guests can rely upon & make their breast reconstruction treatment in India, a satisfying holistic experience.

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